In the foundation stage, Expressive Arts and Design is the area of learning which art comes within. By the end of Foundation Stage, children will be assessed against the Early Learning Goal for this area of learning.
Early Learning Goal
Children sing songs, make music and dance, and experiment with ways of changing them. They safely use and explore a variety of materials, tools and techniques, experimenting with colour, design, texture, form and function.
Year 1 art skills
Enjoys making marks, signs and symbols on a variety of types of paper .
Is spontaneously expressive, using marks, lines and curves.
Explores making marks on a variety of papers.
Uses a variety of tools to spread paint – straws, matchsticks as well as brushes.
Explores mark making using thick brushes, foam and sponge brushes.
Experiments with and enjoys colour.
Handles, feels and manipulates rigid and malleable materials.
Pulls apart and reconstructs basic shapes.
Becomes aware of form, feel, texture, pattern and weight.
Handles different materials from the class ‘bit box.’
Selects and sorts, cuts, tears, stitches and discusses.
Sorts according to specific quantities – warm, cold, shiny, smooth.
Year 2 art skills
Use lines to represent objects seen, remembered or imagined.
Creates pattern using different tools and colours.
Uses colour and marks to express mood.
Experiments with basic tools on rigid and plastic materials.
Compares and recreates form and shape to natural and man-made environments.
Creates texture using rigid and plastic materials and uses a variety of tools.
Engages in more complex activities – cutting and sewing a variety of materials.
Has experience of adhesives and decides on the most effective for a given task.
Extends repeating patterns – overlapping, using 2 contrasts of colours.
Explores and recreates patterns and textures with an extended range of materials – sponges, leaves, fruit.
Stitches and cuts threads and fibres.
Simple weaving with strong wool through a stiff card loom.
Weaves paper, progressing from 1 or 2 colours.
Year 3 art skills
Explores tone using different grades of pencil, pastel and chalk.
Uses line and tone to represent things seen, remembered or observed.
Represents things observed, remembered or imagined, using colour and tools.
Introduces different types of brushes for specific purposes.
Explores the effect on paint of adding water, glue, sand, sawdust.
Uses stimuli to create simple 2D and 3D images using a variety of tools and materials.
Recreates 2D images in a 3D piece – the houses of the 3 little pigs.
Develops skills of overlapping and overlaying.
Develops awareness of contrasts in texture and colour.
Explores images through monoprinting on a variety of papers.
Explores images and recreates textures using wallpaper, string, polystyrene.
Explores colour mixing through printing, using 2 colours and a variety of material.
Uses printing to represent the natural environment.
Able to discriminate between materials.
Prints on fabrics.
Simple stitching – uses a long needle to make straight stitches.
Year 4 art skills
Explores shading, using different media.
Draws familiar things from different view points.
Introduces primary and secondary colours with the addition of black and white and other hues.
Creates different effects by using a variety of tool and techniques such as dots, scratches and splashes.
Shows an awareness of texture, form and shape by recreating an image in 3D form.
Begins to look at colour and pattern in 3D structures, transferring the knowledge to their own work.
Experiments with creating mood, feeling, movement and areas of interest.
Interprets stories, music, poems and other stimuli.
Compares own image and pattern making with that of well known artists.
Makes connections between own work and patterns in their local environment – curtains, wall paper.
Recreates images through relief printing using card.
Uses contrasting colours in stitching and weaving.
Dyes fabrics using tie-dye, batik.
Develops an awareness of the natural environment through colour matching.
Year 5 art skills
Uses line, tone and shade to represent things seen, remembered or imagines.
Is happy to experiment with line, tone and shade.
Uses different methods, colour and a variety of tools and techniques to express mood.
Investigates symbols, shapes, form and composition.
Explores how stimuli can be used as a starting point for 3D work with a particular focus on form, shape, pattern, texture, colour.
Looks at 3D work from a variety of genres and cultures and develops own response through experimentation.
Uses the natural environment or townscpaes as a stimulus.
Selects and uses materials to achieve a specific outcome.
Embellishes, using a variety f techniques, including drawing, painting and printing.
Builds up drawings and images of whole or parts of items using various technique – card, relief.
Recreates a scene remembered, observed or imagined, through collage printing.
Uses plaiting, pinning, stapling, stitching and sewing techniques.
Stitching- using various needles to produce more complex patterns.
Year 6 art skills
Uses a range of materials to produce line, tone and shade.
Selects appropriate media and techniques to achieve a specific outcome.
Uses techniques, colours, tools and effects to represent things seen, remembered or imagined.
Explores the effect of light and colour, texture and tone on natural and man-made objects.
Recreates images in 2D and 3D, looking at one area of experience – recreates a landscape painting, focus on textures.
Makes imaginative use of the knowledge they have acquired of tools, techniques and materials to express own ideas and feelings.
Develops experience in embellishing, using more advanced stitching and applique techniques.
Applies knowledge of different techniques as a form of expression.
Designs an artefact, using knowledge of techniques, for a specific outcome.
Designs prints for fabrics, book covers and wall paper.
Carries out screen printing.
Experiments with approaches used by other artists.
Cuts and stitches patterns.
Experiments with soft sculpture – cuts and joins patterns, embellishing the components.
Designs shape, tie dyes, batiks and prints for a specific outcome.