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In year 5 we are taught maths every day. On Fridays, alongside our normal maths lesson, we have a reasoning afternoon where we concentrate on finding strategies to solve problems.


E.g. For her Design and Technology project, Olivia has to hammer five nails into a piece of wood. The nails must be in a straight line and 0.75 centimetres apart. What is the distance from the first nail to the last?


Spring Term B


Decimals and Percentages


Read, write, order and compare numbers with up to three decimal places.

Recognise and use thousandths and relate them to tenths, hundredths and decimal equivalents. Round decimals with two decimal places to the nearest whole number and to one decimal place.

Solve problems involving number up to three decimal places. Multiply and divide whole numbers and those involving decimals by 10, 100 and 1000.

Use all four operations to solve problems involving measure [ for example, length, mass, volume, money] using decimal notation, including scaling.

Recognise the per cent symbol (%) and understand that per cent relates to ‘number of parts per hundred’, and write percentages as a fraction with denominator 100, and as a decimal.

Solve problems which require knowing percentage and decimal equivalents of 1/2, 1/4, 1/5, 2/5, 4/5 and those fractions with a denominator of a multiple of 10 or 25.


Spring Term A




Compare and order fractions whose denominators are multiples of the same number.

Identify, name and write equivalent fractions of a given fraction, represented visually including tenths and hundredths.

Recognise mixed numbers and improper fractions and convert from one form to the other and write mathematical statements >1 as a mixed number [for example + = = 1 ]

Add and subtract fractions with the same denominator and denominators that are multiples of the same number.

Multiply proper fractions and mixed numbers by whole numbers, supported by materials and diagrams. Read and write decimal numbers as fractions [ for example 0.71 = ]

Solve problems involving multiplication and division, including scaling by simple fractions and problems involving simple rates.

Autumn Term B


Multiplication and Division

Multiply and divide numbers mentally drawing upon known facts.

Multiply and divide whole numbers by 10, 100 and 1000.

Multiply numbers up to 4 digits by a one or two digit number using a formal written method, including long multiplication for 2 digit numbers.

Divide numbers up to 4 digits by a one digit number using the formal written method of short division and interpret remainders appropriately for the context.

Identify multiples and factors, including finding all factor pairs of a number, and common factors of two numbers.

Recognise and use square numbers and cube numbers and the notation for squared (2) and cubed (3)

Solve problems involving multiplication and division including using their knowledge of factors and multiples, squares and cubes.

Solve problems involving addition and subtraction, multiplication and division and a combination of these, including understanding the use of the equals sign.



Solve comparison, sum and difference problems using information presented in a line graph.

Complete, read and interpret information in tables including timetables.


Autumn Term A


Number – Place value

Read, write, order and compare numbers to at least 1000000 and determine the value of each digit.

Count forwards or backwards in steps of powers of 10 for any given number up to 1000000.

Interpret negative numbers in context, count forwards and backwards with positive and negative whole numbers including through zero.

Round any number up to 1000000 to the nearest 10, 100, 1000, 10000 and 100000 Solve number problems and practical problems that involve all of the above.

Read Roman numerals to 1000 (M) and recognise years written in Roman numerals.


Number - Addition and Subtraction

Add and subtract numbers mentally with increasingly large numbers.

Add and subtract whole numbers with more than 4 digits, including using formal written methods (columnar addition and subtraction)

Use rounding to check answers to calculations and determine, in the context of a problem, levels of accuracy.

Solve addition and subtraction multi-step problems in contexts deciding which operations and methods to use and why